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Nature of the Watershed

The articles in this section deal mainly with the natural resources of the watershed.

Physical Setting

  • Geography of the Spring Creek Watershed

  • Why Two Boundaries? 

  • The Soils of the Spring Creek Watershed

  • Wetlands of the Spring Creek Watershed

Water Resources

  • Aquatic Resources of Spring Creek: A Historical Perspective

  • The Spring Creek Water Resource

  • Land Cover - Its Impact on Water Quality

  • The Importance of Forests in Water

Biological Features

  • Status of Fish Populations

  • Common Aquatic Invertebrates in the Spring Creek Watershed

  • Crayfish in Spring Creek

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Recreation

The wide variety of recreational opportunities in the watershed are described in this section.

  • A Home Water Love Affair: Fishing Spring Creek

  • Millbrook Marsh - Nature's Treasure in Our Backyard

  • Birding in the Spring Creek Watershed

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Economy

In this section, historical and contemporary activities directly or indirectly related to the economy are explored.

  • The Municipal Water System

  • Wastewater Treatment in the Spring Creek Watershed

  • Penn State's Wastewater Treatment System: Embracing Water Sustainability

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Government

This section emphasizes the regulatory aspects of the Federal, state, county, and local governments that directly address conservation and development activities.

  • Susquehanna River Basin Commission

  • An Overview of Pennsylvania Water Law

  • Municipal Ordinances in the Watershed

  • Source Water Protection Through Zoning

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Issues and Solutions

This section touches on a wide variety of topics that illustrate how human activities influence natural resources and how governmental and nongovernmental actions strive to minimize negative consequences of human activities, particularly development.

Population Growth

  • Demographics of the Spring Creek Watershed

  • Growth and Water

  • Preserving Open Spaces

Water Resource Management

  • Stormwater on the Urban Landscape

  • Critical Water Planning Area Design

  • Potentially Stressed Area Designation

Ecological Issues

  • Stream Habitat Improvement and Restoration - Dynamic Nature of Streams

  • New Zealand Mudsnail in Spring Creek

  • Sustainability of the Trout Fishery

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Education

This section provides a rich array of educational materials for use in the classroom and in field studies.

Watershed Curriculum

  • DCNR's Watershed Education

  • Huntingdon County Conservation District's Lesson Plans 

  • Project Wild K-12 Curriculum and Activity Guide

  • Stroud Water Research Center Curriculum Support

  • Penn State Extension Youth Water Education 

  • The WATER Project

Resources

  • Surf Your Watershed

  • Water Topics

  • Rivers & Streams

  • NOAA's Freshwater Education Resources

Additional Resources

  • DEP Lake/Reservoir Field Data Sheet

  • Background of Groundwater

  • DEP Stream Assessment Worksheet